Fault code P006A – MAP – mass or volume air flow (MAF/VAF) correlation (Bank 1)

Fault code P006A is called “MAP – Mass or Volume Air Flow (MAF/VAF) Correlation (Bank 1)” but in different programs it may be called differently. This fault designation applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II.

Technical description and explained code P006A

Diagnostic code P006A is a generic code defined as a correlation between the manifold absolute pressure sensor and the mass or volume flow sensor (Bank 1). It is set when the PCM detects a change between the signal voltages of the MAP sensor and the MAF/VAF sensor.

Fault code P006A – MAP – mass or volume air flow (MAF/VAF) correlation (Bank 1)

The air density in the intake manifold is reflected by the MAP sensor, which provides a voltage signal to the PCM. When the engine is running at maximum efficiency, it creates a strong vacuum, which is limited by the opening/closing of the throttle body.

The vacuum is controlled by the movement of the throttle body and the idle air control valve (IAC) when the engine is idling. This vacuum effectively draws in the air needed to complete each combustion cycle.

The exact ratio of fuel to air is one of the most important factors in achieving maximum fuel efficiency. When the throttle is opened, the air entering the intake manifold is measured by the MAF or VAF sensors.

The amount of fuel delivery and ignition is calculated by the PCM module based on the data received from the MAF or VAF sensors. The air that passes through these devices is called metered air. Air that inadvertently enters the engine can contribute to excessive lean and is called underdosed air.

The key difference between MAF and VAF sensors is that the VAF has a damper that is opened by air drawn into the intake port. At idle, the spring-loaded damper is locked in the closed position.

When the throttle is opened, the VAF sensor damper is forcibly opened. This actuates the potentiometer, which transmits a voltage signal to the PCM. The PCM recognizes these potentiometer voltage changes as the degree of metered air intake into the intake duct.

Code P006A will be stored if the PCM detects voltage signals between the MAP and MAF/VAF sensors (Bank 1) that differ by more than the programmed value. The Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) will then illuminate, which may require several ignition failure cycles to illuminate.

Symptoms of vehicle malfunctions

The main signal that an error P006A has occurred is the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is also known as the CheckEngine Light.

It can also be warning signs such as:

  1. The “Check engine” control lamp on the control panel will light up (the code will be memorized as a fault).
  2. Other related fault codes may also be present.
  3. Poor engine operation during acceleration.
  4. Decreased engine power.
  5. High or low fuel mixture condition.
  6. Poor acceleration.
  7. Increased fuel consumption.
  8. Ignition skips in the engine cylinders may occur.
  9. The engine may fail the emissions test.

Error P006A is a serious error, because fuel supply and ignition advance angle setting are critical to engine performance and efficiency.

Factors that can cause this error code

The error code P006A can mean that one or more of the following problems have occurred:

  • Faulty or damaged manifold absolute pressure sensor (MAP).
  • Faulty or contaminated mass or volume flow sensor (MAF/VAF).
  • There may also be a problem with the intake air temperature (IAT) and barometric pressure (BARO) sensors.
  • Damaged or frayed connector on one of the sensors.
  • Damaged wiring.
  • Insufficient vacuum in engine (vacuum leaks, especially in intake system duct).
  • Restricted air supply (clogged or excessively dirty air filter element).
  • Sometimes the cause is a faulty PCM module.

How to fix or reset OBD-2 code P006A

Some suggested steps for troubleshooting and fix the error code P006A:

  1. Connect an OBD-II scanner to the vehicle’s diagnostic connector and read all stored data and error codes.
  2. Clear the error codes from the computer memory and test-drive the vehicle to see if code P006A appears again.
  3. If the code appears again, check all cables and corresponding connectors leading to the MAP, MAF/VAF, and IAT and BARO sensors. Make sure they are not broken or frayed. Repair or replace if necessary.
  4. Inspect and test these sensors. Replace defective ones if necessary.
  5. Check for vacuum leaks and repair if any are found.
  6. If faulty PCM is the cause, replace or reprogram it.

Diagnose and repair of problems

Inspect visible damage to sensors, wiring, and connectors. Then start the diagnostic procedure with the scan tool. To determine if error P006A is the only error, if not, it may be worth investigating the other trouble codes first.

If no problems are found with damaged or corroded connectors, perform a thorough inspection of all associated wiring. Repair or replace damaged wiring as necessary.

Also check the vacuum lines for damage and leaks. Look at the condition of the air filter, it may be clogged, limiting air flow.

Check the sensors

If the code remains, check the reference voltage on the MAP, MAF/VAF, and IAT and BARO sensor connectors. Then check the ground and continuity, especially in the signal wire between the PCM and the sensor connectors, if the resistance is infinite, repair the breakage.

If circuit continuity is normal, check the sensors in operation by connecting the scanner to the vehicle. If the signal voltage does not change according to the manufacturer’s specifications, replace the faulty sensor.

Often, sensor readings may be stuck at 4.5 volts, regardless of engine operating conditions. This indicates a short between the signal wire and the 5-volt reference wire. If necessary, repair the wiring to clear the short.

If there is no voltage in the signal wire when the sensor connector is disconnected, there is an internal short and the sensor must be replaced.

Also in some cases when error P006A occurs, the PCM may be faulty or in the process of breaking down. This is extremely rare, so before replacing it, it’s best to check everything thoroughly again.

On which vehicles does this problem occur most frequently

Fault code P006A can occur on different vehicles but there are statistics on which brands this occurs most often. Here is a list of some of them:

  • Alfa Romeo
  • Ford (Mondeo, Transit)
  • Infiniti
  • Jaguar
  • Kia (Optima)
  • Land Rover (Discovery, Evoque, Freelander, Range Rover)
  • Lexus (GX460)
  • Nissan
  • Toyota (Tundra)

Fault code P006A can sometimes be found with other errors. The most common are the following: P006B, P006C, P00B8, P2263.


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