Fault code P066A is called “Cylinder 1 Glow Plug Control Circuit Low” but in different programs it may be called differently. This fault designation applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II.
Technical description and explained code P066A
OBD-II trouble code P066A is set when the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) detects a low voltage condition in the glow plug control circuit for cylinder #1. To determine the location of cylinder #1 for your model, refer to your vehicle’s manual.
The glow plug is installed in the cylinder head very close to the point that initiates combustion, or “hot spot. When the engine control computer determines that the engine is cold using the oil and transmission sensors. It decides to help the engine start using glow plugs.
Starting too long will cause the glow plugs to melt because they produce heat due to high resistance and glow red hot when activated. This intense heat is quickly transferred to the cylinder head. Which allows the combustion heat to persist for the fraction of a second needed to ignite the incoming fuel to start.
If the PCM detects a voltage level in the glow plug control circuit of cylinder No. 1 that is lower than expected. Code P066A will be stored, and the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) may illuminate.
Symptoms of vehicle malfunctions
The main signal that an error P066A has occurred is the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is also known as the CheckEngine Light.
It can also be warning signs such as:
- The Check Engine light on the control panel will illuminate (the code will be written to the ECM memory as a fault).
- The engine is difficult to start in cold weather or when idle long enough to cool the block.
- Lack of power until engine warms up sufficiently.
- Engine vibration and jerking when accelerating.
- Engine may be louder than usual when starting.
- Preheat indicator light does not turn off.
- White smoke may be visible at startup.
If only one glow plug fails, symptoms will be minimal because the engine usually starts with one faulty glow plug. But in cold conditions, you are more likely to experience the listed problems associated with the P066A fault.
Factors that can cause this error code
The error code P066A can mean that one or more of the following problems have occurred:
- Defective glow plug of cylinder No. 1.
- Open or short circuit in glow plug control circuit.
- Plug connector is damaged.
- Glow plug control module is defective.
- Blown fuses may also be the cause.
- Sometimes a faulty PCM module is the cause.
How to fix or reset OBD-2 code P066A
Some suggested steps for troubleshooting and fix the error code P066A:
- Read all stored data and error codes with an OBD-II scan tool.
- Clear the error codes from the computer memory.
- Test-drive the vehicle to see if error P066A appears again.
- Visually inspect the wires and connectors for damage.
- Inspect the fuses, and replace the blown one if necessary.
- Check the glow plug.
- Test the engine control module (PCM).
Diagnose and repair of problems
Check the glow plug by disconnecting the connecting wire. Take a voltmeter and set it to the “ohm” measurement. Place the red wire on the glow plug terminal and the black wire on the ground.
In most cases, the range should be 0.5 to 2.0 ohms (check the data against the factory service manual). If outside the acceptable range, replace the glow plug.
Check the wire going to glow plug #1 by placing the red wire on the tire wire and the black wire on the side of the glow plug. The resistance should be the same, 0.5 to 2.0 ohms. Accordingly, if it is higher, replace the wire to the glow plug from the tire.
Check the wires for loose, cracked or missing insulation. Connect the code scanner to the OBD port under the dashboard and turn the key to the “on” position with the engine off. Clear the codes. Do a test drive to make sure the problem with error P066A is gone.
On which vehicles does this problem occur most frequently
Fault code P066A can occur on different vehicles but there are statistics on which brands this occurs most often. Here is a list of some of them:
- Dodge (RAM)
Fault code P066A can sometimes be found with other errors. The most common are the following: P066C, P066E, P067A, P067C, P067E, P068C, P068E, P069A.