Fault code P2219 is called “Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Sensor Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 2)” but in different programs it may be called differently. This fault designation applies to all vehicles equipped with OBD-II.
Technical description and explained code P2219
Diagnostic Code P2219 is a generic code that is defined as a low signal level in the nitrogen oxide sensor heater control circuit (Bank 2). It is set when the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) detects a low signal level in the NOx sensor heater itself or the control circuit.
The PCM uses NOx sensors to monitor nitrogen oxide levels in the exhaust to get an idea of the amount of hydrocarbons emitted. Since NOx is one of the main pollutants that diesel engines produce.
The NOx sensor heater control circuit is responsible for preheating the sensor, which is necessary to speed up the sensor’s warm-up time. This effectively brings it up to operating temperature without relying solely on the exhaust temperature to warm it up.
When the PCM detects a low signal in the nitrous oxide sensor heater control circuit (Bank 2), it sets code P2219, and the warning lamp illuminates. The code appears when the control module detects a lower than expected voltage in the NOx sensor heater circuit.
If the signal lamp is flashing, it indicates a serious problem that may be affecting the catalytic converter.
Symptoms of vehicle malfunctions
The main signal that an error P2219 has occurred is the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is also known as the CheckEngine Light.
It can also be warning signs such as:
- The “Check engine” control lamp on the control panel will light up (the code will be recorded in the memory as a fault).
- Increase of harmful emissions.
- Floating revolutions, as well as attempts to stall at idle.
- Reduced engine performance.
- Increased fuel consumption.
- Excessive smoke coming out of the exhaust pipe.
- The vehicle may fail the emissions test.
The P2219 error is not considered to be very serious, but like any problem, it is recommended to fix it. With this code, you will most likely fail the emissions test because the emissions will be excessive.
Factors that can cause this error code
The error code P2219 can mean that one or more of the following problems have occurred:
- Defective heater in the NOx sensor.
- Defective or damaged NOx sensor.
- NOx sensor is dirty.
- Damaged or worn NOx sensor connector.
- Damaged wiring.
- Sometimes faulty PCM module is the cause.
How to fix or reset OBD-2 code P2219
Some suggested steps for troubleshooting and fix the error code P2219:
- Connect an OBD-II scanner to the vehicle’s diagnostic connector and read all stored data and error codes.
- Clear the error codes from the computer memory and test-drive the vehicle to see if code P2219 appears again.
- If the code appears again, check the wiring and the corresponding connectors leading to the NOx sensor. Make sure they are not broken or frayed. Repair or replace if necessary.
- Inspect and test the NOx sensor, and replace if necessary if it has failed.
- If faulty PCM is the cause, replace or reprogram it.
Diagnose and repair of problems
Inspect visible damage to the sensor, wiring, and connectors. Then start the diagnostic procedure with the scan tool. To determine if error P2219 is the only error, if not, it may be worth investigating the other fault codes first.
If no problems with damaged or corroded connectors are found, perform a thorough inspection of all associated wiring. Repair or replace damaged wiring as necessary.
Check wiring and NOx sensor
If no visible wiring damage is found, prepare to perform reference voltage, ground, resistance, and continuity tests. Be sure to disconnect the sensor from the wiring harness so as not to damage the PCM and avoid a short circuit.
The NOx sensor is part of the control circuit, it must also be tested. Compare all readings on the sensor with those in the manual. Replace the sensor if the reading is out of the specified range or value.
When replacing the NOx sensor, make sure that all connections are secure and that all wiring is secured away from hot components. Then start the engine and allow it to warm up to normal temperature to allow the new sensor to go into closed loop mode.
The main cause of error P2219 is a faulty NOx sensor, so replacing it should solve the problem.
On which vehicles does this problem occur most frequently
Fault code P2219 can occur on different vehicles but there are statistics on which brands this occurs most often. Here is a list of some of them:
- Dodge (RAM)
Fault code P2219 can sometimes be found with other errors. The most common are the following: P2205, P2206, P2207, P2218, P2220.